Part 2 of the TED Radio Hour episode Success.
About Angela Duckworth's TEDTalk
Leaving a high-flying job in consulting, Angela Duckworth took a job teaching math to seventh-graders in a New York public school. She quickly realized that IQ wasn't the only thing separating the successful students from those who struggled. Here, she explains her theory of "grit" as a predictor of success.
About Angela Duckworth
Angela Duckworth is an assistant professor in the psychology department at University of Pennsylvania. Her research subjects include students, West Point cadets and corporate salespeople, all of whom she studies to determine how "grit" is a better indicator of success than factors such as IQ or family income.
Find out your grit score here.
GUY RAZ, HOST:
OK, so I'm thinking grit. Great, but that's going to take some time, right? So how about a shortcut to success, like something you can do now. Well, there happens to be one and there is actually research to back this all up. Here's Ron Gutman's foolproof method from his TED Talk.
(SOUNDBITE OF TED TALK)
RON GUTMAN: I started my journey in California with a UC Berkeley 30-year longitudinal study that examined the photos of students in an old yearbook, and tried to measure their success and well-being throughout their life. By measuring their student smiles, researchers were able to predict how fulfilling and long-lasting a subject's marriage will be, how well she would score in standardized tests of well-being, and how inspiring she would be to others. Another aha moment came from a 2010 Wayne State University research project that looked into pre-1950s baseball cards of major league players. The researchers found that the span of a player's smile could actually predict the span of his life. Players who didn't smile in their pictures lived an average of only 72.9 years, where players with beaming smiles lived an average of almost 80 years. A recent study at Uppsala University in Sweden found that it's very difficult to frown when looking at someone who smiles. You ask why? Because smiling is evolutionarily contagious and it suppresses the control we usually have on our facial muscles.
Mimicking a smile and experiencing it physically helps us understand whether a smile is fake or real so we can understand the emotional state of the smiler. In addition to theorizing on evolution in "The Origin of Species," Charles Darwin also wrote the facial feedback response theory. His theory states that the act of smiling itself actually makes us feel better, rather than smiling being merely a result of feeling good. In his study, Darwin actually cited a French neurologist, Guillaume Duchenne, who used electric jolts to facial muscles to induce and stimulate smiles. Please, don't try this at home. Smiling stimulates our brain reward mechanism in a way that even chocolate - a well-regarded pleasure inducer - cannot match. British researchers found that one smile can generate the same level of brain stimulation as up to 2,000 bars of chocolate.
GUTMAN: Wait. The same study found that smiling is as stimulating as receiving up to 16,000 pounds sterling in cash. That's like $25,000 a smile. It's not bad. And if that's not enough, smiling can actually make you look good in the eyes of others. A recent study at Penn State University found that when you smile, you don't only appear to be more likable and courteous, but you actually appear to be more competent. So whenever you want to look great and competent, reduce your stress, or improve your marriage, or feel as if you just had a whole stack of high quality chocolate without incurring the caloric cost, or as if you found $25,000 in a pocket of an old jacket you hadn't worn for ages, or whenever you want to tap into a superpower that will help you and everyone around you live a longer, healthier, happier life - smile.
RAZ: Ron Gutman. He wrote a book about all this, it's called "Smile: The Astonishing Powers of a Simple Act." And his full talk can be found at TED.com. I've tried this, by the way, and I'm not kidding, it totally works, even when people think you look like a freak. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.