The Salt
2:15 am
Tue December 17, 2013

Forget Golf Courses: Subdivisions Draw Residents With Farms

Originally published on Fri January 17, 2014 9:00 am

When you picture a housing development in the suburbs, you might imagine golf courses, swimming pools, rows of identical houses.

But now, there's a new model springing up across the country that taps into the local food movement: Farms — complete with livestock, vegetables and fruit trees — are serving as the latest suburban amenity.

It's called development-supported agriculture, a more intimate version of community-supported agriculture — a farm-share program commonly known as CSA. In planning a new neighborhood, a developer includes some form of food production — a farm, community garden, orchard, livestock operation, edible park — that is meant to draw in new buyers, increase values and stitch neighbors together.

"These projects are becoming more and more mainstream," says Ed McMahon, a fellow with the Urban Land Institute. He estimates that more than 200 developments with an agricultural twist already exist nationwide.

"Golf courses cost millions to build and maintain, and we're kind of overbuilt on golf courses already," he says. "If you put in a farm where we can grow things and make money from the farm, it becomes an even better deal."

In Fort Collins, Colo., developers are currently constructing one of the country's newest development-supported farms. At first blush, the Bucking Horse development looks like your average halfway-constructed subdivision. But look a bit closer and you'll see a historic rustic red farm house and a big white barn enclosed by the plastic orange construction fencing.

"When we show it, people are either like, 'You guys are crazy. I don't see the vision here at all,' or they come and they're like, 'This is going to be amazing,' " says Kristin Kirkpatrick, who works for Bellisimo Inc., the developer that purchased the 240-acre plot of land.

When finished, Bucking Horse will support more than 1,000 households. Agriculture and food production are the big draws, Kirkpatrick says. Land has been set aside for vegetables. There will be goats and chickens, too, subsidized by homeowners. Soon they'll be hiring a farmer for a 3.6-acre CSA farm. There's also a plaza designed for a farmers market, and an educational center where homeowners can take canning classes.

In short, the neighborhood plan is infused with the quaint, pastoral, even romantic view of farming.

"Our public restrooms are in an old chicken coop, and it'll be half public restroom and half chicken coop," Kirkpatrick says.

After World War II, Americans escaping crowded cities flocked to the suburbs. Most suburbanites didn't want to be right next to a farm, and so restrictive zoning pushed livestock and tractors out of new residential areas. Now, says Lindsay Ex, an environmental planner with the city of Fort Collins, municipalities are being forced to change their codes.

"We used to have residential separated from agriculture, and now we're seeing those uses combined," says Ex.

And that can be a great deal for small-time farmers, says Quint Redmond, who runs a company called Agriburbia, which operates farms within suburban developments across the country. In development-supported agriculture projects, he says, the developer, or homeowners association, ends up making the big farm purchases — not the farmer.

"The best possible thing for a farmer is to have the infrastructure ready," he says. "That is where most farming goes upside down or goes broke."

Not to mention that the neighborhood is filled with people who already have an interest in local food, so "there's a real market for that farmer," Redmond says.

The marketing of these new neighborhoods appears to be working — at least at Bucking Horse, where the developer says 200 single-family lots were snatched up within days of going on the market. Values of existing homes have jumped 25 percent since construction began on the agricultural amenities.

"Once we saw this and the plans they had for it, we were really sold on the lifestyle," says Lindley Greene, who moved to Bucking Horse in March with her husband and two young sons.

Once the neighborhood farm is up and running, Greene says, she'll be volunteering to get her hands dirty.

"We love the idea of it," she says. "To have it right here — not have it in our backyard, but still in our backyard — is awesome."

This story comes to us via Harvest Public Media, a public radio reporting collaboration that focuses on agriculture and food production.

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST:

This is MORNING EDITION, from NPR News. I'm Linda Wertheimer.

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

And I'm David Greene.

If you're waking up this morning in a suburb, think about what drew you there. Maybe it was newly built homes, good schools, a pleasant atmosphere. The community we'll visit now entices people in a different way, with the promise of local food and farm-raised chickens.

Here's Luke Runyon, from member station KUNC.

LUKE RUNYON, BYLINE: At first, the subdivision Bucking Horse looks like your average halfway-constructed neighborhood. But look closer, and you'll see a rustic red farm house and a big white barn.

KRISTIN KIRKPATRICK: Yeah, these buildings are beautiful.

RUNYON: Kristin Kirkpatrick works for Bellisimo, the developer that purchased this plot of land, complete with historic farm buildings, in Fort Collins, Colorado. It's being turned into a neighborhood totally devoted to local food. When finished, Bucking Horse will support more than a thousand households.

KIRKPATRICK: When we show it, people are either, like, you guys are crazy...

(LAUGHTER)

KIRKPATRICK: ...I don't see the vision here at all. Or they come and they're, like, this is going to be amazing.

RUNYON: Kirkpatrick says at Bucking Horse, agriculture is the big draw. Land has been set aside for vegetables. There will be goats and chickens, too. Soon they'll be hiring a farmer. The neighborhood plan is infused with the quaint, pastoral, even romantic view of farming.

KIRKPATRICK: Our public restrooms are in an old chicken coop, and it'll be half public restroom and half chicken coop.

LINDSAY EX: Traditionally, people have seen land development as being lots and roadways.

RUNYON: Lindsay Ex is with the City of Fort Collins' planning department. After World War II, Americans flocked to the suburb, a place less crowded than the city. Most suburbanites didn't want to be right next to a farm, and so restrictive zoning pushed livestock and tractors out of new residential areas. Now, Ex says, municipalities are being forced to change their codes.

EX: We used to have residential separated from agriculture, and now we're seeing those uses being combined.

RUNYON: Subdivisions that include small-scale farms are already in place in Illinois, Georgia and Vermont. The Urban Land Institute estimates there are more than 200 developments nationwide, with an agricultural twist.

Quint Redmond says for a business-savvy, small-time farmer, more developments putting in the farm-as-amenity is a great deal.

QUINT REDMOND: The best possible thing for a farmer is to have the infrastructure ready. That is where most farming goes upside down, or goes broke.

RUNYON: Redmond runs a company called Agriburbia, which operates farms within suburban developments across the country. He says the developer, or homeowners association, ends up making the big farm purchases, not the farmer. Not to mention, the neighborhood is filled with people who already have an interest in local food.

REDMOND: Everybody gets to see it as they're moving into the subdivision over time, and then there's a real market for that farmer.

UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: I want to move there.

LINDLEY GREENE: I don't want you to climb up there.

RUNYON: Back at Bucking Horse in Fort Collins, Lindley Greene is coaxing her two young sons to finish their breakfast. The neighborhood's concept attracted Greene and her husband to move in earlier this year.

GREENE: Once we saw this and the plans they had for it, we were really sold.

RUNYON: And she's not alone. Bucking Horse's developer says 200 single-family lots were snatched up within days of going on the market. Greene says once the neighborhood farm is up and running, she'll be volunteering to get her hands dirty.

GREENE: We love the idea of it. To have it right here, not necessarily in our backyard, but still in our backyard is awesome.

(LAUGHTER)

RUNYON: And that's a shift in the suburban mindset, where having a farmer as a neighbor isn't an annoyance, but an amenity.

For NPR News, I'm Luke Runyon in Fort Collins, Colorado.

GREENE: And Luke's story came to us from Harvest Public Media, a public radio reporting collaboration that focuses on agriculture and food production. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

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